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Do You Have a Survival Plan?


Do you know how to survive a disaster?


What are your chances of surviving a disaster such as nuclear fallout, financial crisis, floods,
extreme heat or even earthquakes and war? Unless you are prepared, pretty slim. Here are
some vital tips and suggestions to help you improve your chances of survival


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Airplane Disaster Kit

Surviving an Airplane Disaster

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Firstly many people do not know that flying is one of the safest ways of travelling, in fact it is safer than by car, train or even ship. The most concentration by the crew is during take-off and landing. Once a plane is in the air it is usually very safe. There are some very strict standards which the crew must abide by and enforce which ensures the safety of the crew and passengers aboard every commercial flight. Airplane disasters are, in fact, very rare despite the heavy media attention on them. A report issued in 2014 showed that there were 37.4 million flights scheduled for that year! That's an average of 102,465 flights per day. Now, of course, it is even higher. The number of airplane disasters in relation to the number of flights is however extremely small, in fact deaths per total number of passengers flown in recent history amount to an average of one in over 10 million.

"According to the Aviation Safety Network (ASN), which keeps a database of all air travel incidents, 2016 was the second safest year on record. There were 19 fatal accidents this year, resulting in 325 deaths - down from 560 in 2015. Given that this year will see around 3.5 billion air passengers flown, that's just one death per 10,769,230 travellers. Two of these 19 accidents were on flights operated by airlines on the EU "black list". "

The Captain, like the captain of a ship, is the top authority on a aircraft from the moment the doors are closed until they are open again. He can order people about. Arrest people and even issue fines. If a potential passenger is causing problems in the Jet way (passenger boarding bridge) the Captain can refuse to accept them on board. He can also eject any passenger who is causing disruption prior to take off. In relation to this all Flight attendants have a passenger list of who is who and what seat they are in. Also, interestingly, how many frequent flyer miles they have and if any are employees or family and friends of the crew.

Aircraft usually fly at around 475-500 knots (878-926 km/h; 546-575 mph). at 35,000 feet and the air at that height is extremely thin. As a consequence the air in the cabin is pressurised or compressed and is routed from the jet engines. It enters in the flight deck first then travels through the cabins to the back of the plane where it is expelled through a small hole in the back of the fuselage. In emergency Oxygen masks will drop down and provide around 15 minutes of oxygen which is usually sufficient for the pilot to bring the craft down to a lower altitude so normal breathing can occur. Those 15 minutes are the minimum set by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) but most systems will generate more oxygen through an initiated chemical reaction. When this happens one can detect a burning small but this is quite normal and nothing to panic about.

The prime thing to do when in an emergency situation, such as a known bomb threat or high jacking is to stay calm and do whatever the pilot or cabin crew tell you to do. Not long ago a commercial pilot explained when he was piloting a flight from LA to Tokyo and an anonymous phone call stated there was a bomb on board the plane. They were over the Pacific at the time so could not land. However there are procedures for this eventuality and in this situation they stayed calm and did not alert the passengers. One always takes this scenario seriously however. They simply carry on and land as quickly and quietly as possible.

In this type of scenario or where the plane has been high jacked then when the pilot lands they will leave the wing flaps that assist to slow the plane on landing deliberately in the up position to indicate to the airport there is a problem or issue in the plane and various emergency services will them be at the ready on landing even if the pilot has been able to mention anything over the radio.

It should be stated that one should not drink any water on the plane except from sealed bottles. The water, such as in the toilet for example, may be sanitised but parasites still build up a resistance to the chemicals. Another reason is that the ports used to expel toilet waste and fill up the water tanks are next to each other and often administered by the same person. We don't know if he washes his or her hands when doing this and with what water so be warned!

Where is the best place to sit on a plane? Some think it is near the front. The air is cleaner admittedly and there must be something about first and business class being up the front. However according to statistic issued by both TIME magazine and Popular Mechanics, sitting in the middle or even better at the back of the plane will increase your odds of survival in the event of a crash. The air is not quite so clean perhaps and it takes long to get off the plane but hey, you are close to the toilet which is convenient! Lastly, if you experience a bumpy or hard landing in poor weather this is often intentional. The runway surface can have a coating of water or ice on it and to ensure there is sufficient traction by the wheels the pilot will often put the plane down hard to achieve this traction preventing aqua planing and stopping it slipping and sliding around. A pilot once quipped, "Landings are nothing more than controlled crashes." Nice to know!

References

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jet_bridge
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/advice/2016-air-accidents-aviation-safety/

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