What are your chances of surviving a disaster such as nuclear fallout, financial crisis, floods, extreme heat or even earthquakes and war? Unless you are prepared, pretty slim. Here are some vital tips and suggestions to help you improve your chances of survival
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As we have witnessed with the Fukushima disaster, radiation from a nuclear accident can be a real possibility. Australia has no nuclear reactors, nevertheless, winds from overseas can carry radiation across vast distances and settle them in areas of Australia such as the outback and major cities. Although Australia does not have any nuclear reactors, it does have uranium mining and processing so there is a potential of radiation from those activities, however remote.
So the question is. Is it possible for the ordinary person in the street to protect themselves from radiation? And are there are steps one can take to reduce the effects of radiation in the body if such an event were to arise?
A cursory glances at governmental and similar sites show they only talk about prevention and are mostly concerned with not being exposed to radiation in the first instance. Little is offered as a practical way to prevent and remedy the effects of radiation for the man in the street.
According to Wikipedia the main thrust is: to reduce the dose:
"There are three factors that control the amount, or dose, of radiation received from a source. Radiation exposure can be managed by a combination of these factors:
1. Time: Reducing the time of an exposure reduces the effective dose proportionally. An example of reducing radiation doses by reducing the time of exposures might be improving operator training to reduce the time they take to handle a source.
2. Distance: Increasing distance reduces dose due to the inverse square law. Distance can be as simple as handling a source with forceps rather than fingers.
3. Shielding: The term 'biological shield' refers to a mass of absorbing material placed around a reactor, or other radioactive source, to reduce the radiation to a level safe for humans. The effectiveness of a material as a biological shield is related to its cross-section for scattering and absorption, and to a first approximation is proportional to the total mass of material per unit area interposed along the line of sight between the radiation source and the region to be protected. Hence, shielding strength or "thickness" is conventionally measured in units of g/cm2. The radiation that manages to get through falls exponentially with the thickness of the shield. In x-ray facilities, walls surrounding the room with the x-ray generator may contain lead sheets, or the plaster may contain barium sulfate. Operators view the target through a leaded glass screen, or if they must remain in the same room as the target, wear lead aprons. Almost any material can act as a shield from gamma or x-rays if used in sufficient amounts."
Practical radiation protection tends to be a job of juggling the three factors to identify the most cost effective solution.
However, these factors are hardly available to the man in the street who do not generally walk around with lead aprons tied around their waist, and are more applicable to technicians working within that environment.
But there is a solution: Firstly prevention. Radiation burns are similar to sunburn. The skin turns red and becomes extremely sensitive. Sun cream does not, however, reduce the effects as sunburn is a different type of radiation to nuclear radiation. There is a way however to increase ones resistance to radiation burn and, incidentally sun burn, by building up the bodies tolerance level to radiation.
There is a substance or vitamin called niacin (Vitamin B3). Usually it comes as nicotinic acid but for the purpose of this exercise one wants only the niacin. The way to build up tolerance is to take a small amount of niacin daily increasing the dosage gradually until you start to feel the burning sensation on your skin. For some reason, niacin emulates radiation so can be used to build up the tolerance to radiation. Then you remain at that level of dosage for as long as it takes for the body to become immune and the burning and redness disappears. Then you start to increase the dosage again, gradually until the redness and burning reappears and, again you remain at that dosage until it disappears. You can continue up to a fairly high dosage and eventually the body will be so immune that you will not get the burning and redness any longer.
Potassium Iodate is an oxidizing agent that can be used with benefit also. It is used to protect against accumulation of radioactive iodine in the thyroid by saturating the body with a stable source of iodine prior to exposure. It has been approved by the World Health Organization for radiation protection.
Some radiation can be stopped with simple things such as paper or metal. Lead is well known of course and water. Some types of radiation are more penetrating and if possible it is best to move to an area where the radiation does not exists of, at least, is much less of a hazard.
Moving or living underground is also helpful as most radiation does not or cannot pass through 20 or 30 feet of earth or rock. Not to say all radiation will be blocked but it will certainly increase your chances of survival against many form of radiation.
Book: All about Radiation by L. Ron Hubbard